Fenneropenaeus indicus is a significant aquaculture species in Iran, Saudi Arabia, India, Indonesia, Vietnam and South Africa (Hoffman et al. Penaeus (Fenneropenaeus) indicus H. Milne Edwards, Next to Metapenaeus dobsoni, P. indicus is the second most important species in the ricefield. This file contains a global overview of the aquaculture species Penaeus indicus.

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Many farmers are small-scale farmers with ponds of less than 3 ha in most of the Asian countries and it has been suggested that the establishment of common effluent treatment systems may assist them to improve. Adults are marine and the juveniles are estuarine. Ideally, oxygen levels should be between 5 and 10 ppm, though higher levels up to 20 ppm do not seem to cause any problem. Archived from the original on This information is awaiting authentication by a species expert, and will be updated as soon as possible.

In traditional paddy field systems the juveniles which have congregated fenneropenaues the sluice gates are allowed to enter the field with the incoming high tide. Production cost depends on type of culture used, scale of production, number of production cycles per year, etc.


In modified extensive systems and semi-intensive systems, harvesting is carried out by complete draining of the pond, the shrimp escaping through the sluice gate being collected by bag nets.

Water is drained out during low tide and further reduced by pumping, using mobile diesel-powered equipment. In other projects Wikispecies. Depending upon the temperature, hatching takes place within hours after spawning. The size of P. The ablated females spawn after fennefopenaeus days, with a peak observed at days 5—6.

It is called Eraa in Tamil Nadu. Title Boxed shrimp Caption 30 to 40 per kilogram boxed. The profit can be increased by value-addition to the shrimp in the form of shrimp pickles, cutlets, battered, ready-to-cook, etc.

Help us share the wonders of the natural world. Share on Facebook Tweet Send email. In Saudi Arabia, the National Prawn Company prepares feeds specifically for Penaeus indicus as it is exclusively culturing this species.

These ponds are tidal; auto-stocking of mixed varieties of shrimp and fish takes place during high tide. Team WILD, an elite squadron of science superheroes, needs your help!

Title Gonad development Caption Gonad development in head and fenneropenaeys of Fenneropenaeus indicus.

Indian prawn

Lindsey Paretti – Blood Island. Petasma of males with distomedian projections strongly curved and overhanging distal margin of costae. Harvesting is by drainage of the pond. Research The following areas need intensive research: Social conflicts with other resource users.


After PL stage they can be stocked directly into grow-out ponds without acclimatization. Smaller indoor tanks of tonnes capacity are used for rearing larvae up to PL Title Natural enemy Caption Other crab species are also found in growout ponds. Natural feeds are grown by application of fertilizers and supplementary feeds are also given during the culture at a rate of 4—5 times a day.

Larval development of Indian penaeid prawns.

Indian prawn – Wikipedia

Development In Asian countries shrimp aquaculture used to be centred on the tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon. X Close Image credit. Very large fields with deeper areas ranging in size from 2 to 75 ha, where paddy cultivation is impossible, are also used for shrimp filtration throughout the year.